To generate a random string in JS you should start by defining the set of characters that will be used to generate that random string. Let’s go!

So, let’s start by defining a string that holds all lowercase letters and 10 digits.

const charset = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789';

The second step is to get a random symbol from the charset string.

I’ll use Math.random for it.

Math.random return a random value between 0 and 1, so I multiply it by the charset length and then use Math.floor to convert it to the integer.

const randomChar = charset.charAt(Math.floor(Math.random() * charset.length));

The final step is to generate however many random characters we need and compile them into a string.

Let’s create a function for it.

const generateRandomString = (length = 8, charset = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789') => {
  const result = [];
  for(let i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    result.push(charset.charAt(Math.floor(Math.random() * charset.length)));
  return result.join('');

You can use the function generateRandomString by passing in the number of characters that you’d like to get in the result string as well as the character set.

I’ve added default values for charset and length to make the function generateRandomString usable without any arguments.


As a result I got 3 random strings of length 8.


I can also change the charset to be only digits and thus get the numerical string.

console.log(generateRandomString(8, '0123456789'));
console.log(generateRandomString(12, '0123456789'));
console.log(generateRandomString(16, '0123456789'));

Here are 3 random numerical strings of lengths 8, 12 and 16 characters.