If you’re in the market for a two-way radio, chances are you’ve considered purchasing a Baofeng. Baofeng radios are incredibly popular because they’re inexpensive and offer features that are typically only found on more expensive radios. One of the most appealing features of Baofeng radios is their programmability.

With a little bit of patience and some basic programming knowledge, you can program a Baofeng radio to work with any other compatible radio on the market. In this article, we’ll walk you through the basics of Baofeng programming and provide some tips to help you get started.

Operating mode

Baofeng radios operate in both analog and digital modes. Analog mode is the traditional way that two-way radios have operated for decades. In this mode, your voice is transmitted over the airwaves using Frequency Modulation (FM). Digital mode, also known as 2FSK or 2GFSK, uses Phase Shift Keying (PSK) to encode digital data within an FM signal.

Digital mode offers several advantages over analog mode, including improved sound quality, longer battery life, and increased resistance to interference. However, not all two-way radios are compatible with digital mode. If you want to use digital mode on your Baofeng radio, you’ll need to make sure that it’s programmed correctly.


The first step in programming your Baofeng radio is to choose the right frequency band. The three most common frequency bands used by two-way radios are: UHF (ultra-high frequency), VHF (very high frequency), and 800/900 MHz (megahertz). Each band has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to choose the one that will best suit your needs.

UHF frequencies are better suited for short-range communication, while VHF frequencies travel further but can be subject to interference from objects like buildings or hillsides. 800/900 MHz frequencies offer the best compromise between range and interference resistance but are less commonly used by two-way radios. Once you’ve selected the appropriate frequency band for your needs, it’s time to start programming!


The next step is to choose which channel you want your radio to operate on. There are dozens of channels available in each band, so it’s important to select one that isn’t being used by another radio nearby. You can find a list of available channels in your area by contacting your local Radio Shack or searching online for “two-way radio frequencies.” Once you’ve chosen an unused channel, it’s time to program it into your Baofeng radio!

The process of programming a Baofeng radio is relatively simple, but it can be a little bit confusing if you’ve never done it before. If you need some help, there are plenty of resources available online, including video tutorials and step-by-step guides.

Once you’ve programmed your Baofeng radio, you’ll be able to communicate with any other compatible radio on the same channel. This is a great way to stay in touch with family and friends who also have two-way radios, or to use your radio for work or hobbies.

How to program Baofeng radio step by step

Whether you’re a ham radio operator, a police officer, or a prepper, understanding how to program a Baofeng radio is extremely important. The Baofeng is an inexpensive and versatile two-way radio that’s incredibly popular with survivalists and off-gridters.

Before we get started, it’s important to understand the basics of programming any two-way radio. Every two-way radio has what’s called a “channel.” A channel is simply a specific frequency that the radio uses to communicate. Most Baofeng radios have 128 channels, which means they can communicate on 128 different frequencies.

In order to program your Baofeng radio, you need to know two things: the channel number and the frequency. For example, let’s say you want to communicate on channel 12. The frequency for channel 12 might be 155.280 MHz (this is just an example).

Once you know the channel number and frequency, programming your Baofengradio is easy:

  1. Turn on your radio and press the “Menu” button once

  2. Press the “Up/Down” arrow buttons until you see “CHAN" displayed on the screen

  3. Press the “Menu” button again

  4. Enter in the desired channel number using the keypad (in our example, we would enter 12)

  5. Press the “Menu” button again

  6. Use the up/down arrow buttons to select the desired frequency (in our example, 155.280 MHz would be selected)

  7. Pressing either of the arrow buttons will toggle between MHz and KHz; make sure MHz is selected

  8. Once you have entered in all of the information correctly, press and hold down both ofthe arrow buttons for 2 seconds; this will save all of your settings

And that’s it! You’ve now successfully programmed your Baofeng radio.